39.

2007-7-1(1--31)-pmaJulien Levy . Chess Set: Board and Thirty Pieces (1944)

“Art dealer Julien Levy made the plaster prototypes for this chess set in the garage studio of a house on Long Island that he and his wife shared with artists Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning during the summer of 1944. The round-bottomed pieces – formed using discarded shells from soft-boiled eggs as molds and stored in an egg carton – were intended to nestle comfortably in the sand of the nearby beach. For use off the beach, Levy made a plaster chessboard, basing its overall size and thickness on Alberto Giacometti’s 1932 marble sculpture On ne joue plus (No More Bets). He inserted seashells into the wet plaster to accommodate the shape of the pieces and to reference the set’s original function. These oak chess pieces, which are based on the original plaster prototypes, were likely made by a local carpenter. Levy was inspired by the experience of designing and making this chess set to commission thirty-two artists (the number of chess pieces in a set) to invent their own chess pieces and boards for an exhibition at his Manhattan gallery. This show, called The Imagery of Chess, opened on December 12, 1944.”

Philadelphia Museum of Art
Anúncios

38.

2001-62-1504-pmaFotografia por International News Photos (Nova Iorque, 1945)

“At The Imagery of Chess Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning play with a Max Ernst chess set on an unidentified table. Near the window, Muriel Streeter (Levy) plays Julien Levy with the Josef Hartwig 1923 Bauhaus Chess Set. Between them hangs a Xenia Cage mobile. On the wall a small unidentified painting hangs above Marcel Duchamp’s Pocket Chess Set with Rubber Glove. On the pedestal below it sit two unidentified sculptures, possibly by Ossip Zadkine. On the wall above Dorothea Tanning is Leon Kelly’s The Plateau of Chess.”

Philadelphia Museum of Art

37.

1950-134-62-pmaMarcel Duchamp . The King and Queen Traversed by Swift Nudes at High Speed (1912)

“I am all set to become a chess maniac. I find everything around me transformed into Knight or Queen and the outside world holds no other interest for me than in its transposition into winning or losing scenarios.”

M. Duchamp to Louise and Walter Arensberg, 15 and 20 June 1919 (Selected Correspondence)

36.

shigeko_kubota_duchamp_cage_chessFotografia por Shigeko Kubota (Toronto, 1968)

“All that is teaching, school, followers, never interested me and still doesn’t. (…) Artists or not, we can’t help our fellow men. Each individual fends for himself. I don’t believe in the ant-hill society of the future. I still believe in the individual and every man for himself, like in shipwreck.”

Marcel Duchamp

35.

1929 (CHESS SCORE)

1.d4 Cf6 2.c4 e6 3.Cc3 d6 4.e4 b6 5.f4 Bb7 6.Bd3 Cbd7 7.Cf3 e5 8.d5 g6 9.O-O exf4 10.Bxf4 Bg7 11.e5 dxe5 12.Cxe5 O-O 13.Dd2 Cxd5 14.CxCd7 CxBf4 15. CxTf8 Bd4+ (0-1)

George Koltanowski / Marcel Duchamp (Torneio Internacional de Paris, 1929)

34.

56f2f86b9a36c0a5629cccb8f38f2afdFotografia por Julien Wasser (Pasadena, 1963)

“Objectively, a game of chess looks very much like a pen-and-ink drawing, with the difference, however, that the chess player paints with black-and-white forms already prepared instead of inventing forms as does the artist. The design thus formed on the chessboard has apparently no visual aesthetic value and is more like a score for music which can be played again and again. Beauty in chess does not seem to be a visual experience as in painting. Beauty in chess is closer to beauty in poetry; the chess pieces are the block alphabet which shapes thoughts; and these thoughts, although making a visual design on the chessboard, express their beauty abstractly, like a poem… Actually, I believe that every chess player experiences a mixture of two aestethic pleasures: first the image akin to the poetic idea of writing, second the sensuous pleasure of the ideographic execution of that image of the chessboards… From my close contact with artists and chess players I have come to the personal conclusion that while all artists are not chess players, all chess players are artists.”

Marcel Duchamp